THE SITUATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN THE SURROUNDING AREA OF THE ITAPARICA RESERVOIR IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL

Authors

  • Heinrich Hagel University of Hohenheim
  • Lucy Rocío Zavaleta Huerta University of Hohenheim
  • Reiner Doluschitz University of Hohenheim
  • Christa Hoffmann State Institute of Pig Breeding
  • Christoph Reiber University of Hohenheim
  • José Ferreira Irmão Federal Rural University of Pernambuco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820151002

Keywords:

Agriculture; cooperatives; Itaparica reservoir; semi-arid region.

Abstract

Over 20 years after the implementation of irrigation schemes in the surrounding area of the Itaparica Reservoir, in the semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil, insufficient infrastructure and low market power still impact smallholders’ incomes and development of market strategies to support rental increase from the smallholders.
Lack of access to credit, high input costs, and low producer prices for major crops have helped to maintain the poverty status of smallholders that equally affects small agricultural producers like cattle breeders. Agricultural cooperatives have contributed to increase their members’ market power in agricultural commerce and
facilitate their access to credit and agricultural expansion. To analyze the historical
context of this situation, as well as the potentials and constraints of agricultural
cooperatives and associations, 24 qualitative expert interviews were conducted
among members of cooperatives or associations and consultants involved with
technical assistance to smallholders. During the study period, no active agricultural
cooperatives could be identified. Financial problems related with lack of financial
resources, inadequate government support, absence of leadership and poor
organization, and missing solidarity and mistrust were considered the main reasons
for the cooperatives’ poor situation. However, the potential of these cooperatives
are illustrated by the efficiency of the fishery and apiculture associations.

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Published

2015-06-30

How to Cite

Hagel, H., Huerta, L. R. Z., Doluschitz, R., Hoffmann, C., Reiber, C., & Irmão, J. F. (2015). THE SITUATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN THE SURROUNDING AREA OF THE ITAPARICA RESERVOIR IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), (36), 168–178. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820151002