Soil-cement blocks: a sustainable alternative for the reuse of industrial solid waste

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Tulane Rodrigues da Silva
Daiane Cecchin
Afonso Rangel Garcez de Azevedo
Jonas Alexandre
Izabella Christynne Ribeiro Pinto Valadão
Nivam Alves Bernardino
Dirlane de Fátima do Carmo
Patrícia Ferreira Ponciano Ferraz


This study aimed to analyze potential industrial solid waste that can be added to soil-cement blocks. A narrative literature review was conducted in the Scopus academic database, using as the search criteria keywords related to the topic, such as soil-cement, building materials, soil-cement blocks, soil-cement bricks, physical and mechanical properties, solid waste, life cycle analysis, and civil construction. A variety of industrial solid waste that can be incorporated into soil-cement blocks was observed, such as waste rock, sludge from water treatment plants, wood sawdust, polyethylene terephthalate fibers (PET), vegetable fibers from loofah, hemp fibers, rice husks, brachiaria grass, poultry eggshells, sugar cane bagasse, wheat and barley straw, welding slag, foundry sand, waste from quartzite mining, construction, and demolition, mechanical turning, pulp industry grains, and steel mill co-products. Among the investigated wastes, those that improved the physical and mechanical properties of the soil-cement blocks were grains from the cellulose industry, rice husks, Brachiaria grass, steel by-products with granulated soil-cement blocks and blast furnace slag. The waste that produced no satisfactory results was sludge from a water treatment plant, sugarcane bagasse, and vegetable loofah. Through this research, it was possible to verify that the behavior of soil-cement blocks is influenced by several factors in their manufacture, mainly regarding the type and percentage of incorporated waste. However, it is important to be concerned with its application in waste blocks so as not to increase the environmental impacts in the long term.

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da Silva, T., Cecchin, D., de Azevedo, A., Alexandre, J., Valadão, I., Bernardino, N., do Carmo, D., & Ferraz, P. (2021). Soil-cement blocks: a sustainable alternative for the reuse of industrial solid waste. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 56(4), 673-686.


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