Environmental health indicator for the evaluation of neighborhoods in urban areas: a case study in Caruaru (PE), Brazil

Main Article Content

Armando Dias Duarte
Saulo de Tarso Marques Bezerra
Elizabeth Amaral Pastich Gonçalves

Abstract

The environment, over the years, has been subjected to strong negative impacts caused by economic policies that have promoted an uncontrolled growth of urbanization in the cities and abusive exploration of the natural resources. In this context, developing socio-environmental indicators to subsidize the formulation of municipal public policies which consider, specifically, the environmental (in)salubrity of each neighborhood or locality of municipalities is imperative. The present paper presents the construction and application of an environmental health indicator for residential neighborhoods in two localities of Caruaru City, Pernambuco State. The data adopted in research were obtained from databases of City Hall institutions, from interviews with the population of the localities and water quality analyses. The results indicated that the neighborhoods analyzed presented characteristics of medium health; water supply, the disposal of solid waste, and socioeconomic aspects require attention and priority of public policies. In conclusion, the proposed indicator can be an instrument to assist in urban planning and environmental management of Brazilian municipalities, because it can guide the performance of public managers and the civil society to identify priority actions for improving the infrastructure of the most unhealthy neighborhoods.

Article Details

How to Cite
Duarte, A., Bezerra, S., & Gonçalves, E. (2021). Environmental health indicator for the evaluation of neighborhoods in urban areas: a case study in Caruaru (PE), Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 56(1), 166-179. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z21769478750
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Articles
Author Biographies

Armando Dias Duarte, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)

Engenheiro de Produção e mestre em Engenharia Civil e Ambiental pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - UFPE. Doutorando do Programa de Pós-graduação em Engenharia Civil da UFPE. Atualmente é professor e coordenador do curso de Engenharia de Produção da Autarquia Educacional de Belo Jardim - AEB.

Saulo de Tarso Marques Bezerra, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)

Engenheiro Civil, mestre em Engenharia Civil e Ambiental, e doutor em Engenharia Mecânica. Atualmente é Professor Associado e Coordenador do curso de Engenharia Civil, e membro permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Civil e Ambiental da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - UFPE.

Elizabeth Amaral Pastich Gonçalves, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)

Bióloga, mestra e doutora em Engenharia Civil pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - UFPE. Atualmente é Professora Adjunta do curso de Engenharia Civil da UFPE.