IMPACT OF AIR POLLUTION ON PUBLIC HEALTH IN HIGH INDUSTRIALIZED MUNICIPALITIES IN THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO

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Bianca Corá
Luciana Ferreira Leite Leirião
Simone Georges El Khouri Miraglia

Abstract

The State of Sao Paulo presents the highest industrialized area of Brazil,
having the biggest GNP in the country. As a result of industrial activities, many
municipalities have been presenting high levels of air pollution. The aim
of this research was to estimate the cardiorespiratory mortality caused by
air pollution in some high-industrialized cities of São Paulo State between
2008 and 2016. Eleven municipalities were selected based on the industrial
electricity consumption and on the existence of at least one air pollution
monitoring station. We used a World Health Organization model to estimate
the number of deaths that could be attributed to PM2,5 in each municipality
through the years. Based on the statistical value of a life, we performed an
economic evaluation of health impacts. Five of the 11 municipalities belong
to the São Paulo Metropolitan Region. The municipality most affected by air
pollution was Cubatão. However, due to the large number of inhabitants,
São Paulo is the municipality whose largest number of deaths can be
attributed to exposure to PM pollutants. Considering the results found for
the 11 municipalities, 43,512 deaths could be attributed to air pollution in the
period, which represents a loss of more than US$ 48.3 billion. These results
justify the need for additional research and the implementation of cleaner
technologies in the industrial park of the state of São Paulo.

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How to Cite
Corá, B., Leirião, L., & Miraglia, S. (2020). IMPACT OF AIR POLLUTION ON PUBLIC HEALTH IN HIGH INDUSTRIALIZED MUNICIPALITIES IN THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 55(4), 498-509. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820200671
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