INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING TOOLS, LANDSCAPE FRAGMENTATION AND STATISTICAL TREATMENTS IN THE EVALUATION OF WATER QUALITY

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Mariana Davila Fonseca Paiva de Paula Freitas

Abstract

Environmental modeling is a computational process of wide applications, including projection of scenarios through cellular automata, in which cells interact by means of predefined conditions allowing the prediction of future scenarios. In this way, it is possible to evaluate, for example, the evolution of human activities in hydrographic basins using cartographic bases and satellite images. This projection is important for water quality as water resources are severely affected by human activities. Thus, the present study  aims to simulate scenarios for 15 years in an area located in the hydrographic basin of Ribeirão Vermelho, in the municipalities of Sabará, Santa Luzia, and Taquaraçu de Minas, located in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, integrated with the fragmentation of the landscape and water quality data. The different information collected was associated to infer about the current state of the waters and to predict, according to future scenarios, decision-making to improve water quality. Initially, the use and occupation of land in the three-year hydrographic basin (1996, 2006, and 2016) was mapped into classes. The classes were divided into natural and man-made areas and, associated with the drainage files, road network and altitude, being the inputs for the model of landscape projections. The projection indicated that between 1996 and 2016 the remnants of tree vegetation in the hydrographic basin decreased from 70 to 55% and the results of water analysis showed that the stream does not meet the framing values according to DN 20/1997. The scenarios projected by the landscape model demonstrated the advance of anthropized areas over natural ones, which in 2032 may stand out, covering about 60% of the hydrographic basin. In addition, these projections associated with physical-chemical parameters indicate a tendency to decrease water quality, making decisions necessary to improve this projection, aiming to meet the class I classification of the watercourse.

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How to Cite
Freitas, M. (2020). INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING TOOLS, LANDSCAPE FRAGMENTATION AND STATISTICAL TREATMENTS IN THE EVALUATION OF WATER QUALITY. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 55(4), 552-569. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820200651
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