Animal welfare assessment in nine dog shelters of southern Brazil

Main Article Content

Luciana do Amaral Gurgel Galeb
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5873-7027
Tâmara Duarte Borges
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4076-4147
Camila Jardim dos Santos
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6461-121X
Cecília Pedernera
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3572-3308
Antonio Velarde
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2634-3138
Amanda Anater
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2594-0050
Alexander Welker Biondo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4182-5821
Cláudia Turra Pimpão
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3955-9074

Abstract

The present study has tested the Shelter-Quality Protocol (SQ) and its applicability in nine long-term dog shelters in the Curitiba metropolitan area, State of Paran , southern Brazil. Welfare indicators were scored on three different levels including shelter, pen and dogs. Data were qualitatively analyzed, presenting an average of 66.67 ( 27.63) allocated dogs per shelter, receiving only dry food, with meal frequencies varying from once (44.4%), twice a day (33.3%), and ad libitum (22.2%). Water was available ad libitum in 98.5% of pens and was clean in (89.5%) of shelters. Most of the shelters grouped the dogs by size. Animals were kept indoors (41.0%) or entirely outdoors with only close movable shelters (41.3%), from which 78.5% had materials that could hurt the animals. None of the dogs were panting, crowding, or had any stereotypy behavior. No cough, swelling, and ectoparasites were observed. Animals were in satisfactory body-score condition and clean; no lameness was observed. In the human-animal relationship test, 15.3% of animals showed fearful and aggressive reactions. Hence, the level of shelter-quality was feasible and provided relevant information about the Brazilian dog shelter welfare. However, it is important in future studies to include and adopt additional indicators to gather other relevant aspects of dogs’ welfare, such as health management, environmental enrichment, dogs’ socialization, people involved in the chain, rate of adoption, and turnover of dogs.

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How to Cite
do Amaral Gurgel Galeb, L., Duarte Borges, T., Jardim dos Santos, C., Pedernera, C., Velarde, A., Anater, A., Welker Biondo, A., & Turra Pimpão, C. (2022). Animal welfare assessment in nine dog shelters of southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 57(1), 84-92. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z217694781197
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