Ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from areas under the direct influence of two small hydropower plants in Brazil

Main Article Content

Junir Antônio Lutinski
Milton Carlos de Filtro
Leandro Baucke
Fernanda Emanuela Dorneles
Cladis Juliana Lutinski
Carin Guarda


Current energy production has been the subject of studies on environmental impacts and the need to adequately understand that the relationship to biodiversity loss is growing. One of the ways of assessing environmental changes is the use of bioindicator species, and ants represent an alternative in this regard. This study aimed to evaluate ant assemblages occurring in different environments in areas under the direct influence of two small hydropower plants (SHPP). Sampling was carried out using pitfall traps in forest and agricultural fragments, as well as pasture areas, along the Andrada River, municipality of Cascavel, state of Paraná, in July 2016 and March 2017. The sampled ant assemblages were evaluated for richness, abundance, and composition. The rarefaction analysis was used to compare the richness sampled in the two areas under direct influence. Abundance was analyzed based on the number of occurrences. The nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) was applied to test whether the abundance and composition of ant assemblages differ at the same site when sampled in both seasons. In total, 63 species belonging to 23 genera and 6 subfamilies were identified. The subfamily Myrmicinae was the most speciesrich (S = 25), followed by the subfamily Formicinae (S = 21). The most species-rich genus was Camponotus (S = 15) followed by Pheidole (S =11). A total of 41.3% richness was registered concurrently in the two assemblages. The study contributes to the expansion of knowledge of the ant fauna occurring in the state of Paraná and serves as a basis for monitoring impacts caused by the implementation of SHPP and other developments.

Article Details

How to Cite
Lutinski, J., de Filtro, M., Baucke, L., Dorneles, F., Lutinski, C., & Guarda, C. (2021). Ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from areas under the direct influence of two small hydropower plants in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 57(1), 105-113.


Abeijon, L.M.; Kruger, A.P.; Lutinski, J.A.; Garcia, F.R.M., 2019. Can ants
contribute to the conservative biological control of the south american fruit
fly? Bioscience Journal, v. 35, (3), 941-948.
Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica – ANEEL. 2016. BIG – Banco
de Informações de Geração. ANEEL, Distrito Federal. Electronic
Database (Accessed July 15, 2018) at:
Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica – ANEEL. 2019 (Accessed July 20, 2020)
Araújo, F.G.; Morado, C.N.; Parente, T.T.E.; Paumgartten, F.J.R; Gomes, I.D.,
2018. Biomarkers and bioindicators of the environmental condition using a
fish species (Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède, 1803) in a tropical reservoir in
Southeastern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, v. 78, (2), 351-359. https://
Baccaro, F.B.; Feitosa, R.M.; Fernandez, F.; Fernándes, O.M.; Lzzo, T.; Souza, J.L.P.;
Solar, R., 2015. Guia para gêneros de formigas no Brasil. INPA, Manaus, 388 pp.
Bestelmeyer, B.T.; Agosti, D.; Alonso, L.E.; Brandão, C.R.F.; Brown Jr.,
W.L.; Delabie, J.H.C.; Silvestre, R., 2000. Field techniques for the study of
ground-dwelling ants. In: Agosti, D.; Majer, J.D.; Alonso, L.E.; Schultz, T.R.
(Eds.), Ants: standard methods for measuring and monitoring biodiversity.
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., pp. 122-144.
Blinova, S.V.; Dobrydina, T.I., 2018. Study of ants as bioindicators of industrial
pollution in Kemerovo Region, Russia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and
Environmental Science, v. 115, (012035), 1-6.
Bolton, B., 2021. Bolton World Catalog.. Versão 8.48. California Academy of
Science (Accessed June 10, 2021) at:
Bracco, S., 2020. A study for the optimal exploitation of solar, wind and hydro
resources and electrical storage systems in the Bormida Valley in the North of
Italy. Energies, v. 13, (20), 5291.
Camacho, G.P.; Feitosa, R.M., 2015. Estado da arte sobre a taxonomia e
filogenia de Ectatomminae. In: Delabie, J.H.C.; Feitosa, R.M., Serrão, J.E.;
Mariano, C.S.F.; Majer, J.D., (Eds.), As formigas poneromorfas do Brasil.
Editus, Ilhéus, pp. 23-32.
Carreira, L., 2016. Poder e conflito nas políticas de infraestrutura energética:
análise dos textos de comunicação produzidos no planejamento de
hidrelétricas no Oeste do Pará. InterEspaço, v. 2, (5), 175-195. https://doi.
Chao, A., 1987. Estimating the population size for capture-recapture data with
unequal catch ability. Biometrics, v. 43, (4), 783-791.
Clarke, K.R.; Gorley, R.N., 2005. Primer: Getting started with v6. Plymouth
routines in multivariate ecological research.
Colwell, R.K., 2006. EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and
share species from simples (Software and User’s Guide), Version 8 (Accessed
July 20, 2020) at:
Costa, M.A.S.; Costa, M.S.; Costa, M.M.S.; Lira, M.A.T., 2019. Impactos
socioeconômicos, ambientais e tecnológicos causados pela instalação dos
parques eólicos no Ceará. Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia, v. 34, (3), 399-
Cuautle, M.; Castillo-Guevara, C.; Juárez-Juárez, B.; Pérez-Toledo, G., 2020.
Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a temperate ecosystem from la Malinche
National Park, Mexico. Florida Entomologist, v. 103, (3), 321-328. https://doi.
Della Lucia, T.M.C., 1993. As formigas cortadeiras. Folha da Mata, Viçosa, 262 pp.
Dröse, W.; Podgaiski, L.R.; Dias, C.F.; Souza Mendonça Jr., M., 2019. Local
and regional drivers of ant communities in forest-grassland ecotones in
South Brazil: A taxonomic and phylogenetic approach. PloS One, v. 14, (4),
Fernández, F., 2003. Introducción a las hormigas de la región neotropical.
Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt,
Bogotá, Colombia, 398 pp.
Franco, W.; Feitosa, R.M., 2018. First standardized inventory of ants
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the natural grasslands of Paraná: New records
for Southern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, v. 58, e20185812. https://doi.
Freitas, J.M.S.; Delabie, J.H.C.; Lacau, S., 2014. Composition and diversity of
ant species into leaf litter of two fragments of a semi-deciduous seasonal forest
in the Atlantic Forest Biome in Barra do Choça, Bahia, Brazil. Sociobiology, v.
61, (1), 9-20.
Gasparatos, A.; Doll, C.N.H.; Esteban, M.; Ahmed, A.; Olang, T.A., 2017.
Renewable energy and biodiversity: implications for transitioning to a green
economy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, v. 70, 161-184. https://
Gerlach, J.; Samways, M.; Pryke, J., 2013. Terrestrial invertebrates as
bioindicators: an overview of available taxonomic groups. Journal of Insect
Conservation, v. 17, 831-850.
Gonçalves, C.R., 1961. O gênero Acromyrmex no Brasil. Studia Entomologica,
v. 4, 113-180.
Gotelli, N.J.; Colwell, R.K., 2001. Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and
pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology
Letters, v. 4, (4), 379-391.
Gotelli, N.J.; Entsminger, G.L., 2001. EcoSim: Null models software for
ecology. Version 7.0. Acquired Intelligence Inc. & Kesey-Bear (Accessed July
15, 2020) at:
Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E.O., 1990. The ants. Harvard University Press,
Cambridge, 732 pp.
Kempf, W.W., 1964. A revision of the Neotropical fungus-growing ants of
the genus Cyphomyrmex Mayr. Part 1: Group of strigatus Mayr. Studia
Entomologica, v. 7, 1-44.
Kempf, W.W., 1965. A revision of the Neotropical fungus-growing ants of
the genus Cyphomyrmex Mayr. Part II: Group of rimosus (Spinola) (Hym.,
Formicidae). Studia Entomologica, v. 8, 161-200.
Kjærstad, G.; Arnekleiv, J.V.; Speed, J.D.M.; Herland, A.K., 2018. Effects of
hydropeaking on benthic invertebrate community composition in two central
Norwegian rivers. River Research and Applications, v. 34, (3), 218-231. https://
Kusma, C.M.; Ferreira, F.W., 2010. Mecanismo de transposição de peixes
de pequena central hidrelétrica. Ciência Rural, v. 40, (1), 89-94. https://doi.
Lattke, J., 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New
World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, v.
4, (4), 137-193.
Laurent, A.; Espinosa, N., 2015. Environmental impacts of electricity
generation at global, regional and national scales in 1980-2011: What can we
learn for future energy planning? Energy & Environmental Science, v. 8, (3),
Lawes, M.J.; Moore, A.M.; Andersen, A.N.; Preece, N.D.; Franklin, D.C.,
2017. Ants as ecological indicators of rainforest restoration: Community
convergence and the development of an Ant Forest Indicator Index in the
Australian wet tropics. Ecology and Evolution, v. 7, (20), 8442-8455. https://
Lemes, J.R.A.; Köhler, A., 2017. Contribuição de ambientes antrópicos como
habitats para formigas de solo de Floresta Estacional Decidual no Sul do Brasil.
Entomo Brasilis, v. 10, (2), 69-75.
Longino, J.T., 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae,
Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa, v. 151, (1), 1-150. https://doi.
Longino, J.T.; Fernández, F., 2007. Taxonomic review of the genus Wasmannia.
In: Snelling, R.R.; Fisher, B.L.; Ward, P.S. (Eds.), Advances in ant systematics
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae): homage to E. O. Wilson – 50 years of
contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, pp. 271-289.
Lutinski, J.A., 2017. Formigas em ambientes Urbanos de Santa Catarina. CRV,
Curitiba, 130 pp.
Lutinski, J.A.; Baucke, L.; Filtro, M.; Busato, M.A.; Knakiewicz, A.C.; Garcia,
F.R.M., 2017a. Ant assemblage (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in three wind
farms in the State of Paraná, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, v. 77, (1), 176-
Lutinski, J.A.; Guarda, C.; Lutinski, C.J.; Dorneles, F.; Pedroso, J.; Busato, M.A.;
Garcia, F.R.M., 2018. Assembleias de formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
respondem ao processo de recuperação de áreas de preservação permanente?
Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), v. 50, 112-127. https://
Lutinski, J.A.; Ilha, C.; Lutinski, C.J.; Baucke, L.; Filtro, M.; Busato, M.A.;
Garcia, F.R.M., 2017b. Ant fauna associated with areas under the direct impact
of small hydropower plants in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of
Environmental Sciences (Online), (46), 2-13.
Magurran, A.E., 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton
University Press, New Jersey, 179 pp.
Marín, L.B.M.; Torres, J.L.M., 2013. Impactos en la flora terrestre por la
implementación de pequeñas centrales hidroeléctricas en Alejandría,
Antioquia. Producción + Limpia, v. 8, (2), 85-93 (Accessed May 5, 2017)
Martins, M.F.O.; Thomazini, M.J.; Baretta, D.; Brown, G.G.; Rosa, M.G.;
Zagatto, M.R.G.; Santos, A.; Nadolny, H.S.; Cardoso, G.B.X.; Niva, C.C.;
Bartz, M.L.C.; Feitosa, R.M., 2020. Accessing the subterranean ant fauna
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in native and modified subtropical landscapes
in the Neotropics. Biota Neotropica, v. 20, (1), 1-16. http://dx.doi.
Moran, E.F.; Lopez, M.C.; Moore, N.; Müller, N.; Hyndman, D.W., 2018.
Sustainable hydropower in the 21st century. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences, v. 115, (47), 11891-11898.
Moura, G.S.; Franzener, G., 2017. Biodiversity of nematodes
biological indicators of soil quality in the agroecosystems. Arquivos
do Instituto Biológico, v. 84, e0142015.
Oliveira, N.C.C., 2018. A grande aceleração e a construção de barragens
hidrelétricas no Brasil. Varia Historia, v. 34, (65), 315-346. http://dx.doi.
Parikh, G.; Rawtani, D.; Khatri, N., 2021. Insects as an indicator for
environmental pollution. Environmental Claims Journal, v. 33, (2), 161-181.
Parmar, T.K.; Rawtani, D.; Agrawal, Y.K., 2016. Bioindicators: the natural
indicator of environmental pollution. Frontiers in Life Science, v. 9, (2), 110-
Rizzotto, A.M.; Roani, A.H.; Guarda, C.; Giovenardi, R.; Lutinski, J.A., 2019.
Mirmecofauna em áreas de preservação permanente e plantios florestais no
noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul. Ciência Florestal, v. 29, (3), 1227-1240. https://
Rocha, W.O.; Dorval, A.; Peres Filho, O.; Vaez, C.A.; Ribeiro, E.S., 2015.
Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Bioindicadoras de Degradação
Ambiental em Poxoréu, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Floresta e Ambiente, v. 22, (1),
Romero, H.; Jaffe, K., 1989. A comparison of methods for sampling ants
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Savanna. Biotropica, v. 21, (4), 348-352. https://
Taber, S.W., 1998. The world of the harvester ants. Texas A & M University
Press, College Station, 213 pp.
Tavares, A.A.; Bispo, P.C.; Zanzini, A.C., 2008. Efeito do turno de coleta sobre
comunidades de formigas epigéicas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) em áreas de
Eucalyptus cloeziana e de cerrado. Neotropical Entomology, v. 37, (2), 126-130.
Tibcherani, M.; Nacagava, V.A.F.; Aranda, R.; Mello, R.L., 2018. Review of Ants
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as bioindicators in the Brazilian Savanna. Sociobiology,
v. 65, (2), 112-129.
Tsoutsos, T.; Frantzeskaki, N.; Gekas, V., 2005. Environmental impacts from
the solar energy technologies. Energy Policy, v. 33, (3), 289-296. http://dx.doi.
Ulysséa, M.A.; Cereto, C.E.; Rosumek, F.B.; Silva, R.R.; Lopes, B.C., 2011. Updated list
of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern
Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. Revista Brasileira de
Entomologia, v. 55, (4), 603-611.
Watkins, J.F., 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army
ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Markham Press Fund of Baylor University Press,
Waco, 102 pp.
Wild, A.L., 2007. Taxonomic revision of the ant genus Linepithema
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in
Entomology, v. 126, 1-159 (Accessed January 15, 2018) at:
Zenner de Polanía, I., 2019. Invasions of four South American tramp ants: a
systematic review. Revista U.D.C. A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica, v. 22,
(1), e1207.

Most read articles by the same author(s)