Survey of wildlife rescued and treated from 2014 to 2016 in Joinville (SC), Brazil

Main Article Content

Carolina Konkel Barbosa
José Eduardo Basilio de Oliveira Gneiding
Túlio Tácito Ribeiro
Edevaldo Antonio Iachinski
Igor Christian Magno Gonçalves
Cláudia Turra Pimpão

Abstract

Natural ecosystems are in constant conflict with the growing and disordered urban expansion, arising from the mismanagement of human developments and infrastructure, facing an accelerated rate of deforestation and defaunation. The intense pressure on natural environments impacts the local fauna through various incidents, generating high mortality, such as hit-and-run, window-crashing, attacks by domestic animals, dissemination of diseases and electrocution. The purpose of this study was to carry out a retrospective survey of the wild fauna rescued and treated at a clinic associated with the environmental police in the region of Joinville - SC. A total of 379 wild animals were treated at the clinic from 2014 to 2016. Of these, 262 (69.13%) were birds, 107 (28.23%) mammals, 9 (2.37%) reptiles and 1 (0.26%) amphibian. The main causes of referral for clinical care were due to trauma (50.66%), seizures (1.32%) and other causes (48.02%), such as home invasion and orphaned puppies. Among the reasons for traumas, pedestrian accidents were the most prevalent, representing 39.58% of the cases treated, followed by animals found to be debilitated without a defined cause (31.77%), attack by domestic animals (14.58%) and window-crashing (9.89%). The data obtained in this study show a rich diversity of species in Joinville. These species are exposed to several anthropogenic challenges and barriers derived mainly from intense displacement and human invasion, causing many animals to move in order to adapt to urban areas.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barbosa, C., Gneiding, J. E., Ribeiro, T., Iachinski, E., Gonçalves, I. C., & Pimpão, C. (2021). Survey of wildlife rescued and treated from 2014 to 2016 in Joinville (SC), Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (Online), 56(4), 687-696. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z217694781006
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Carolina Konkel Barbosa, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR)

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine at the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná (PUC-PR) in 2017. Worked in the line of animal toxicology research with emphasis on the harmful effects caused by mycotoxins in river fish (Rhandia quelen) in the scientific initiation scholarship program - PIBIC with support from Bolsa PUC-PR (2014-2015) and Bolsa Fundação Araucária (2015-2016). Honorable Mention - 1st Place in the Oral Presentation Category in the Area of ​​Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine - XXIII SEMIC PUC-PR (2015). Scientific initiation with emphasis on topographic anatomy in the identification and mapping of the maxillary and mandibular branches of the trigeminal nerve of howler monkeys (Alouatta guariba clamitans) for anesthetic blocks. Currently a master's student at the Post-Graduate Program in Animal Science at PUC-PR (scholarship holder from the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel - CAPES) with an emphasis on Antimicrobial Resistance in the context of Unique Health and Biodiversity Conservation and Post-graduate student in Clinic and Surgery of Exotic and Wild Pets at Faculdade Qualittas.

José Eduardo Basilio de Oliveira Gneiding, Centro Universitário - Sociedade Educacional de Santa Catarina (UNISOCIESC)

Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine from the University of Cuiabá (2001), Specialist in Pharmacology from the Federal University of Lavras (2008), Master in Animal Science from the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná - PUCPR (2015) and PhD in Health, Technology and Integrated Animal Production as well by PUCPR (2019). He was professor of medical and surgical clinic for small animals in the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the Regional University of Blumenau (2014-2020). Since September 2018, he has been a professor and researcher at the Department of Veterinary Medicine at Centro Universitário - Sociedade Educacional de Santa Catarina (UNISOCIESC) in the municipality of Blumenau - SC. He has experience in the area of Veterinary Medicine, with an emphasis on pharmacology and animal therapy, as well as medical and surgical clinic for small animals and wild animals.

Túlio Tácito Ribeiro, Faculdade CESUMAR

Undergraduate course in Biological Sciences at Faculdade Cesumar - Curitiba - PR. He is interested in zoology and ecology.

Edevaldo Antonio Iachinski, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR)

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná (PUC-PR) in 2018. He worked in the line of animal toxicology research with an emphasis on the harmful effects caused by mycotoxins in fish.

Igor Christian Magno Gonçalves, Clínica Dr. Selvagem - Medicina de Animais Silvestres e Exóticos

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine at the Center for Agroveterinary Sciences of the University of the State of Santa Catarina (CAV - UDESC). Post - Graduate in Wild Animal Clinic and Surgery at Anhembi Morumbi University (ANCLIVEPA - SP). President of the Catarinense Commission on Wild Animals of CRMV / SC. Member of the Brazilian Association of Veterinarians of Wild Animals. (ABRAVAS).

Cláudia Turra Pimpão, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR)

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal University of Paraná (1992), Master in Veterinary Sciences from the Federal University of Paraná / McGill University (1996) and doctorate in Biotechnological Processes from the Federal University of Paraná (2006). Postdoctoral fellow at Chongqing Animal Disease Prevention and Control Center, China (2014). Post-doctorate at the University of Valencia, Spain (2014-2015). Full Professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná. Chairman of the Single Health Commission of the Regional Council of Veterinary Medicine of Paraná. & # 10; Member of the Intersectoral Commission for Health, Science and Technology in Pharmaceutical Care, representing the Federal Council of Veterinary Medicine (CFMV), according to Resolution No. 625, of October 11, 2019. She was coordinator of the Undergraduate Course in Veterinary Medicine at PUCPR for 16 years until mid-2019, directing this course to the first place of private schools of veterinary medicine in the RUF ranking of the São Paulo sheet for 2 consecutive years ( 2018 and 2019); Coordinator and creator of the Unique Health Boat Extension Project, together with Veterinarian Aaronson Ramathan Freitas, who has been promoting assistance in the population management of dogs and cats since 2018 and raising awareness of responsible guarding of pets in difficult communities. access to unique health on the coast of Paraná, mainly the oceanic islands and Guaraqueça. Has experience in Veterinary Medicine, with emphasis on Pharmacology and Veterinary Toxicology, acting on the following subjects: Antimicrobial Resistance; Determination of effectiveness and safety factor for the development of new drugs; Pain control; Population studies of dogs and cats; Pharmacological and toxicological studies of the impact caused by chemical substances or mycotoxins in different animal species; Animal-assisted therapies. He published 75 articles in specialized journals and 141 papers in the annals of events. It has 7 chapters of published books. It has 135 items of technical production. Participated in 6 events abroad and 109 in Brazil. He supervised 19 master's dissertations and co-supervised 1, supervised 5 doctoral theses, in addition to supervising 66 scientific initiation works and 42 conclusion works in the areas of Veterinary Medicine and Ecology. He received 28 awards and / or honors. Between 2004 and 2020 he coordinated 6 research projects. He currently participates in 11 research projects, coordinating 10 of these. He works in the area of ​​Veterinary Medicine, with an emphasis on Pharmacology and Veterinary Toxicology. In his professional activities he interacted with 369 collaborators in co-authorship of scientific works

References

Abreu, M.S.L.; Christoff, A.U.; Vieira, E.M., 2011. Identificação de marsupiais
do Rio Grande do Sul através da microestrutura dos pelos-guarda. Biota
Neotrop (Online), v. 11, (3), 391-400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-
06032011000300031.
Alves, R.R.N.; Lima, J.R.F.; Araujo, H.F.P., 2013. The live bird trade in
Brazil and its conservation implications: an overview. Bird Conservation
International (Online), v. 23, (1), 53-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/
S095927091200010X.
Arroyo-Rodríguez, V.; Ros, M.; Escobar, F.; Melo, F.P.L.; Santos, B.A.; Tabarelli,
M.; Chazdon, R, 2013. Plant b-diversity in fragmented rain forests: testing
floristic homogenization and differentiation hypotheses. Journal of Ecology
(Online), v. 101, (6), 1449-1458. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12153.
Arruda, M.B.; Sá, L.F.S.N., 2004. Corredores ecológicos: uma abordagem
integradora de ecossistemas no Brasil. Edições IBAMA, Brasília, 203 pp.
Ascensão, F.; Clevenger, A.; Santos-Reis, M.; Urbano, P.; Jackson, N. 2013.
Wildlife–vehicle collision mitigation: Is partial fencing the answer? An
agent-based model approach. Ecological Modelling, v. 257, 36-43, https://doi.
org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.02.026.
Ascensão, F.; Yogui, D.R.; Alves, M.H.; Alves, A.C.; Abra, F.; Desbiez, A.L.J.,
2021. Preventing wildlife roadkill can offset mitigation investments in
short-medium term. Biological Conservation, v. 253, 108902. https://doi.
org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108902.
Barton, C.M.; Riding, C.S.; Loss, S.R., 2017. Magnitude and correlates of bird
collisions at glass bus shelters in an urban landscape. PLoS One, v. 12, (6),
e0178667. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178667.
Bonvicino, C.R.; Oliveira, J.A.; D’Andrea, P.S., 2008. Guia dos Roedores do
Brasil, com chaves para gêneros baseadas em caracteres externos. Centro Pan-
Americano de Febre Aftosa - OPAS/OMS, Rio de Janeiro.
Boyd, C.; Brooks, T.M.; Butchart, S.M.; Edgar, G.J.; Fonseca, G.A.B.; Hawkins,
F.; Hoffmann, M.; Sechrest, W.; Stuart, S.N.; Dijk, P.P., 2008. Spatial scale and
the conservation of threatened species. Conservation Letters, v. 1, (1), 37-43.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00002.x.
Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2010. Mata Atlântica. Manual de
Adequação Ambiental. MMA/SBF, Brasília, 96 pp. (Série Biodiversidade, 35).
Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2018a. Livro Vermelho da Fauna
Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção. ICMBio/MMA, Brasília, v. 2.
Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2018b. Livro Vermelho da Fauna
Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção. ICMBio/MMA, Brasília, v. 3.
Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2018c. Livro Vermelho da Fauna
Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção. ICMBio/MMA, Brasília, v. 4.
Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2018d. Livro Vermelho da Fauna
Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção. ICMBio/MMA, Brasília, v. 5.
Cardillo, M.; Purvis, A.; Sechrest, W.; Gittleman J.L.; Bielby, J.; Mace, G.M.,
2004. Human population density and extinction risk in the world’s carnivores.
PLoS Biology, v. 2, (7), e197. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0020197.
Carvajal-Castro, J.D.; Ospina-L, A.M.; Toro-López, Y.; Pulido-G., A.; Cabrera-
Casas, L.X.; Guerrero-Peláez, S.; García-Merchán, V.H.; Vargas-Salinas, F.
2019. Birds vs bricks: Patterns of species diversity in response to urbanization
in a Neotropical Andean city. PLoS One, v. 14, (6), e0218775. https://doi.
org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218775.
Cervinka, J.; Riegert, J.; Grill, S.; Salek, M., 2015. Large-scale evaluation of
carnivore road mortality: the effect of landscape and local scale characteristics.
Mammal Research (Online), v. 60, 233-243. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-
015-0226-0.
Chapin, F.S.; Zavaleta, E.S.; Eviner, V.T.; Naylor, R.L.; Vitousek, P.M.; Reynolds,
H.L.; Hooper, D.U.; Lavorel, S.; Sala, O.E.; Hobbie, S.E.; Mach, M.C.; Diaz, S.,
2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature, v. 405, 234-242. https://
doi.org/10.1038/35012241.
Clevenger, A.P.; Chruszcz, B.; Gunson, K., 2001. Drainage culverts as
habitat linkages and factors affecting passage by mammals. Journal of
Applied Ecology, v. 38, (6), 1340-1349. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0021-
8901.2001.00678.x.
Clevenger, A.P.; Waltho, N., 2005. Performance indices to identify attributes
of highway crossing structures facilitating movement of large mammals.
Biological Conservation, v. 121, (3), 453-464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.
biocon.2004.04.025.
Coffin, A.W., 2007. From roadkill to road ecology: A review of the ecological
effects of roads. Journal of Transport Geography, v. 15, (5), 396-406. https://
doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2006.11.006.
Collinson, W.J.; Parker, D.M.; Bernard, R.T.F.; Reilly, B.K.; Davies-Mostert,
H.T., 2015. An inventory of vertebrate roadkill in the Greater Mapungubwe
Transfrontier Conservation Area, South Africa. African Journal of Wildlife
Research, v. 45, (3), 301-311. https://doi.org/10.3957/056.045.0301.
Dias Junior, M.B.F.; Cunha, H.F.A.; Dias, T.C.A.C., 2013. Análise da destinação
da fauna silvestre apreendida no Estado do Amapá, Brasil. Planeta Amazônia,
(5), 23-36.
Ewers, R.M.; Didham, R.K., 2006. Confounding factors in the detection of
species responses to habitat fragmentation. Biological Reviews, v. 81, (1), 117-
142. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1464793105006949.
Fahrig, L.; Rytwinski, T., 2009. Effects of roads on animal abundance: an
empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society, v. 14, (1), 21.
Ferreguetti, A.C.; Graciano, J.M.; Luppi, A.P.; Pereira-Ribeiro, J.; Rocha, C.F.D.;
Bergallo, H.G. 2020. Roadkill of medium to large mammals along a Brazilian
road (BR-262) in Southeastern Brazil: spatial distribution and seasonal
variation. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, v. 55, (3), 216-225.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2020.1719006.
Fischer, J.; Lindenmayer, D.B., 2007. Landscape modification and habitat
fragmentation: a synthesis. Global Ecology and Biogeography, v. 16, (3), 265-
280. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2007.00287.x.
Freitas, S., 2010. O efeito das Estradas sobre a Vegetação Nativa e a
Biodiversidade. Simpósio sobre Obras Rodoviárias, Santo André, 21 de
outubro de 2010. Anais do 3° Simpósio sobre Obras Rodoviárias, RODO.
Associação Brasileira de Geologia de Engenharia, São Paulo.
Forman, R.T.T.; Sperling, D.; Bissonette, J.A.; Clevenger, A.P.; Cutshall, C.D.;
Dale, V.H.; Fahrig, L.; France, R.; Goldman, C.R.; Heanue, K.; Jones, J.A.;
Swanson, F.J.; Turrentine, T.; Winter, T.C., 2003. Road Ecology: Science and
Solutions. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Forman, T.T.R.; Alexander, L.E., 1998. Roads and their major ecological
effects. Annual Review of Ecology. Evolution and Systematics, v. 29, 207-231.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.207.
Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica; Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais –
INPE. 2020. Atlas dos remanescentes florestais da mata atlântica período 2018-
2019, relatório técnico. Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica, São Paulo, 61 pp.
Gaisler, J.; Řehák, Z.; Bartonička, T., 2009. Bat casualties by road traffic (Brno-
Vienna). Acta Theriologica, v. 54, 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03193170.
Grazzini, G.; Mocchi-Junior, C.M.; Oliveira, H.; Pontes, JS.; Gatto-Almeida, F.;
Tiepolo, L.M., 2015. Identidade, riqueza e abundãncia de pequenos mamíferos
(Rodentia e Didelphimorphia) de área de Floresta com Araucária no estado do
Paraná, Brasil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, v. 55, (15), 217-230. http://dx.doi.
org/10.1590/0031-1049.2015.55.15.
Grilo, C.; Ascensão, F.; Santos-Reis, M.; Bissonette, J.A., 2010. Do wellconnected
landscapes promote road-related mortality? European Journal of
Wildlife Research, v. 57, 707-716. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-010-0478-6.
Grilo, C.; Bissonette, J.A.; Santos-Reis, M., 2009. Spatial-temporal patterns
in Mediterranean carnivore road casaulties: consequences for mitigation.
Biological Conservation, v. 142, (2), 301-313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.
biocon.2008.10.026.
Gunson, K.E.; Mountrakis, G.; Quackenbush, L.J., 2011. Spatial wildlife-vehicle
collision models: a review of current work and its application to transportation
mitigation projects. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 92, (4), 1074-
1082. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.027.
Hilário, R.R.; Carvalho, W.D.; Gheler-Costa, C.; Rosalino, L.M.C.; Marques, T.A.;
Adania, C.H.; Paulino, J.S.; Almeida, P.M.; Mustin, K. 2021. Drivers of humanwildlife
impact events involving mammals in Southeastern Brazil, Science of The
Total Environment, 794, 148600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148600.
Huijser, M.P.; Kociolek, A.V.; McGowen, P.T.; Ament, R.; Hardy, A.;
Clevenger, A.P., 2007. Wildlife-vehicle collision and crossing mitigation
measures: a toolbox for the Montana Department of Transportation. Helena,
Montana: The State of Montana Department of Transportation. https://doi.
org/10.21949/1518298.
Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renováveis –
IBAMA. 2018. Centros de Triagem de Animais Silvestres (Cetas) (Accessed July
3, 2020) at: https://www.ibama.gov.br/fauna-silvestre/cetas/o-que-sao-os-cetas.
Laurance, W.F.; Useche, D.C., 2009. Environmental synergisms and extinctions
of tropical species. Conservtion Biology, v. 23, (6), 1427-1437. http://dx.doi.
org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01336.x.
Loss, S. R.; Lao, S.; Eckles, J. W.; Anderson, A. W.; Blair, R. B.; Turner, R. J.
2019. Factors influencing bird-building collisions in the downtown area of
a major North American city. PLoS One, v. 14, (11), e0224164. https://doi.
org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224164.
Myers, N.; Mittermeier, R.A.; Mittermeier, C.G.; Fonseca, G.A.B.; Kent, J.,
2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, v. 403, 853-858.
https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501.
Parkins, K.L.; Elbin, S.B.; Barnes, E., 2015. Light, glass, and bird–building
collisions in an urban park. Northeastern Naturalist, v. 22, (1), 84-94. https://
doi.org/10.1656/045.022.0113.
Payan, E.; Oliveira, T., 2016. Leopardus tigrinus. The IUCN Red List of
Threatened Species 2016, e.T54012637A50653881. https://doi.org/10.2305/
IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T54012637A50653881.en.
Randall, D.A.; Marino, J.; Haydon, D.T.; Sillero-Zubiri, C.; Knobel, D.L.;
Tallents, L.T.; Macdonald, D.W.; Laurenson, M.K., 2006. An inte-grated
disease management strategy for the control of rabies in Ethiopian wolves.
Biological Conservation, v. 131, (2), 151-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.
biocon.2006.04.004.
Reserva da Biosfera Mata Atlântica. 2008 (Accessed June 21, 2019) at: http://
www.rbma.org.br/rbma/rbma_fase_vi_06_estados_sc.asp.
Riding, C. S.; O’Connell, T. J.; Loss, S. R., 2021. Multi-scale temporal variation
in bird-window collisions in the central United States. Scientific Reports, v. 11,
11062. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-89875-0.
Rosa, C.A.; Bager, A., 2012. Seasonality and habitat types affect roadkill of
neotropical birds. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 97, 1-5. https://
doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.11.004.
Sobral-Souza, T.; Lautenschager, L.; Morcatty, T.Q.; Bello, C.; Hansen,
D.; Galetti, M., 2017. Rewilding defaunated Atlantic Forests with
tortoises to restore lost seed dispersal functions. Perspectives in
Ecology and Conservation, v. 15, (4), 300-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.
pecon.2017.08.005.
Spanowicz, A.G., Teixeira, F.Z., Jaeger, J.A.G. 2020. An adaptive plan for
prioritizing road sections for fencing to reduce animal mortality. Conservation
Biology, v. 34, (5), 1210-1220. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13502.
Spellerberg, I., 1998. Ecological effects of roads and traffic: a literature review.
Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, v. 7, (5), 317-333. https://doi.
org/10.1046/j.1466-822x.1998.00308.x.
Symes, W.S.; Edwards, D.P.; Miettinen, J.; Rheindt, F.E.; Carrasco, L.R., 2018.
Combined impacts of deforestation and wildlife trade on tropical biodiversity
are severely underestimated. Nature Communications, v. 9, 4052. https://doi.
org/10.1038/s41467-018-06579-2.
Trombulak, S.C.; Frissell, C.A., 2000. Review of Ecological Effects of Roads on
Terrestrial and Aquatic Communities. Conservation Biology, v. 14, (1), 18-30.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x.
Ward, A.I.; Dendy, J.; Cowan, D.P., 2015. Mitigating impacts of roads on
wildlife: an agenda for the conservation of priority European protected species
in Great Britain. European Journal of Wildlife Research, v. 61, 199-211. https://
doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-015-0901-0.
Williams, S.T.; Collinson, W.; Patterson-Abrolat, C.; Marneweck, D.G.;
Swanepoel, L.H., 2019. Using road patrol data to identify factors associated
with carnivore roadkill counts. Peer J, e6650. https://doi.org/10.7717/
peerj.6650.
Young, K.A.; Olson, K.A.; Reading, R.P.; Amgalanbaatar, S.; Berger, J., 2011.
Is Wildlife Going to the Dogs? Impacts of feral and Free-roaming Dogs on
Wildlife Populations. BioScience, v. 61, (2), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1525/
bio.2011.61.2.7.